Aberration In Lens System – Classification and Types | Biology Ideas

Aberration In a Lens system 

Aberration: The deviation produced from the actual size, shape, and shape of the image is called the Aberration produced by the lens.

Disorders produced by variations in the direction of the indicator with light wavelengths are called chromatic aberrations.

Misleading is created even when using monochromatic light. It is known as monochromatic deviation.

Some defects in the image are caused by the circular area of ​​the lens. This is called a circular disturbance.

Various types of deformities chromatic or circular deviations, reversal, field curvature, astigmatism, coma, and lateral color.

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Chromatic Disruption

White light is made up of different colors.

Scattering power of the lens:- A simple or composite lens made up of one object will show different concentrations of different light elements.

All wavelength is marked differently.

The shortest wave is the longest and longest wave, at least. There will be a series of color foci next to the axis, as a result, the image is surrounded by colored areas or halos and is called a chromatic aberration.

Chromatic Disruption

Chromatic Aberration is corrected using –

Compound lenses.

Apochromatic lenses (made of fluorite blended with optical glass lenses) are used to correct defects when using a light system of three different wavelengths.

Semichchchats can also be used.


Spherical Aberration

The circular distortion is caused by a greater force on the outer part of the circular lens than on the inner part.

Paraxial rays of the light image at a longer distance than lateral rays. This is called a circular deviation and arises because different parts of the year have different lengths of focus.

The image is not sharp with any position of the axis.

Spherical Aberration

Circular errors are corrected by –

A stop is used, which allows axial radiation or sidelight radiation. But the image is not so bright as the light that passes through the object is small.

Using an oversized lens, the distance between I’m and Ip is reduced by bending the lens.

Planoconvex lenses are used, where the deviation from the side radiation of the light is minimal. Focus on the same beam will shift because the circular deviation can be reduced or removed. Two planoconvex lenses are used, where the distance between the two lenses is equal to the difference in their focal length.

A combination of convex (positive) and concave (negative) lenses is used.

This deformity leads to a loss in contrast to normal small images.

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The Curvature of the field

Produce a curved image of a flat object.

It is caused by a circular lens.

The lower part of the image reaches a focal point different from that of the middle part of the image.

The center of the image near the axis is still focused while the outer regions of the image away from the axis are blurred.

Disability is due to the fact that the length of the paraxial significance is greater than the length of the lateral sides.


A square object forms an image with curved sides.


Caused by the upper surface of the lens with a different magnification on the side and center of the image.

This is seen as variability in magnification of different axial distances, leading to distortion.

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The point appears to be distorted and star-shaped. The picture will never be too focused. Photo points are closed in the case. Image propagation is seen next to the lens axis.

This Aberration is Corrected by –

It is reduced by using a convex and concave lens of the correct focal length and separated by a distance.



An image of a point object is constructed as a comet.

It is like a circular disturbance i.e. the inability to bring all the light rays from an object into one place.

Object points are found outside the axis.

Adjustments can be made using an aplanatic lens due to which lateral magnification is similar to all light rays.


Lateral color

This causes the image outside the axis of the point object to spread evenly or evenly.

This is because one wavelength is magnified by another.


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