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Ruturaj Mundhe

Ruturaj Mundhe

Hello Biodeans,
Welcome to the the blog, BiologyIdeas!!! I’m Ruturaj Mundhe, The Microbiologist and Scientific Blogger.

Biology Ideas is a source for biology learning opportunities. Learn about the Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Biotechnology, Botany, Ecology & Environmental Studies, Forensic Biology, Marine Biology, Microbiology, Physiology, Zoology and Wildlife Biology. Our team, always working to make better resource for our users. We constantly update our articles to improve their quality and correctness.

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Cell Biology

Clinical Test

oxidative fermentative test
Ruturaj Mundhe

Oxidative Fermentative Test

Introduction Principle of Oxidative-Fermentative test O-F medium is a semisolid medium incorporating a pH indicator, 1% glucose and peptones. The type of metabolism a bacterium has are; aerobic use of sugar vs anaerobic use of a sugar.. The overlay of sterile paraffin oil or a visper wax in one tube

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This image represents Methyl red test results
Ruturaj Mundhe

Methyl Red Test

IMViC Test stands for Indole, Methyl red, Voges-Proskauer, Citrate Test. This as a set of four biochemical tests used to differentiate between Escherichia coli, Klebsiella Enterobacter, and Enterobacteriaceae family organisms. Methyl Red (MR) Test Principle of Methyl Red Test The principle of the test is based on the ability of

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Positive and negative results of VP Test in IMViC Test
Ruturaj Mundhe

Voges Proskauer Test

Voges Proskauer Test Definition Voges Proskauer (VP) Test confirms the butylene glycol type of the fermentation by the organism. In general, two pathways of glucose fermentation exist among the Enterobacteriaceae. Mixed acid fermentation resulting in large amount of formic, acetic, lactic and succinic acids and ethanol.  Butylene glycol fermentation resulting

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Immunology

Cytokines
Ruturaj Mundhe

Cytokines

About Cytokines Biology Cytokines are low molecular weight regulatory proteins or glycoproteins secreted by WBCs and various other cells in the body in response to various stimuli. Cytokines are a broad category of signaling molecules that are produced by cells of the immune system and other cells throughout the body.

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Biology Terms and Glossary

Clinical Biochemistry